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Electronic Service Delivery Scheme
Risks of Electronic Communication

Means of authentication

A party's identity is a critical element when contracting online.

In the context of digital means of identification, the following are the summarised manner. Online identification can be by one of the following methods or it can of a combination:

1. user name, password and PIN

2. biometrics: retina, palm, finger prints

3. Token: e.g. smart card